How to Fix 3 types of Roofing Materials
Let’s be honest for a second here and say sometimes life gets busy and your not quite able to get to all the maintenance that needs to be done to your home. We’ve all been there and sometimes we get to those important tasks just a little late. Your roof is one of them. Your roof was designed to keep all the outside elements outside. Over time your roof ages. Normal wear and tear, bad weather and poor maintenance can cause damage to your roof. When it does, there are options for you to fix the problem at hand before your home sustains permanent damage. You can fix minor issues yourself but major issues with your roof need to be fixed by a hired professional. Lets Talk Safety
Never Ever Walk on a wet roof, They can be extremely slippery. If there is roof damage you run the risk of falling in a soft spot and causing even more damage to your roof.
- Wear rubber-soled shoes for roofing. They will grip the surface of the roof making you more secure.
Keep your ladder secure on level ground. Your ladder should not be unstable before you climb.
If needed use safety ropes. Every roof is different and you should be prepared accordingly.
Acknowledge the locations of all power lines.
Once you’ve climbed onto the roof the first place you want to start is by surveying your roof for any damaged, warped or missing shingles, and shakes. Check mostly around the source of the leak. Take the time and clear all debris from the roof and gutters. Clearing all debris from your roof will allow the water to run off smoothly without interference. In homes with chimneys, the most common areas for leaks to occur is the metal flashing deteriorating. You can fix simple problems following the below steps.
If the caulk around the chimney flashing is missing or damaged re-caulk using roof cement to seal all the joints.
Repairing worn or cracked roof cement that is already in place on the joints should be resealed with an acceptable amount of roof cement with a putty knife.
ALWAYS cover any exposed roofing nails with roof cement.
After you have located the leak it is time to repair it. If you can not see any damage you need to call a professional to locate and fix the roof. Your roof including the flashing should be inspected every year due to heavy rains, snow or wind.
Shingles can be replaced or repaired rather easily. Look for shingles that are missing or that are curved away from the roof. You can reattach the curved ones by simply using dabs in all corners with asphalt roofing cement. If the shingles are damaged or missing follow the steps in the next section.
Start by lifting the surrounding shingles to removed the damaged one. If nails are sticking up out of the roof remove them. This will allow you to reach the damaged shingle. Remove any excess roofing cement from the area.
Using a utility knife round the back corners of the new shingle/s. By doing this you give yourself an advantage of the shingle fitting more easily into the open area.
Now, slide the new shingle into place. Place it under the back edge of the shingles on top of it and line it up at the bottom with the neighboring shingles.
- Last, Take a 6d roofing nail and secure the corners of the shingle that lays under the top layer of shingles. Be sure to cover all nail heads with roofing cement.
The wooden shake is a little bit more complex than your shingle roof, but you will still follow the basic steps that were provided for the shingle roof.
First, you need to remove the damaged shake. You want to split the shake with a hammer and chisel. Make sure to slant the chisel at the same angle as the roof’s pitch. Take precaution while doing this step to avoid unnecessary damaged to other shake surrounding the damaged one. Remove all remnants of the damaged shake.
Use a hacksaw to cut off any exposed nail heads as far down as you can.
Next, you want to measure the gap from where you removed the damaged shake. You’ll want to use a hacksaw to cut the new shake. Make your measurements 3/8 inch smaller than the measurement. Shake swells when it rains.
In case you were not able to remove the nails you’ll want to push the shake into place hard enough to make an indentation. Use a coping saw to cut slots at that indentation. Clamp the shake in a vise so that it doesn’t split.
After, slide the shake into place and nail it down with roofing nails.
Just like in the last step of repairing the shingle you will want to cover the nail head with roofing cement and the lay down a layer of caulking compound to seal all nails.
Flat roofs are layers and layers of tar and roofing felt. Sometimes it becomes damaged and leaks can occur. Unlike other roofs, the leak in your ceiling will most likely aline with damaged to the roof. Making the damaged area easier to find. Find some old rags to soak up any extra water and then allow the area to dry out. Afterwards, you will want to clear the area of any debris. In most cases, the area of the roof will look like a blister. It happens when the layers separate from damage. If you do find an area that is blister use the next steps to repair it.
Use a utility knife and slice the blister in the middle. Do so carefully you do not want to damage the felt that is underneath the blister.
Drain any excess water from the area.
Let the area dry out completely before any other work is done to the roof.
Use a trowel, apply a reasonable amount of roof cement to the bottom of the loose felt.
Press and hold firmly.
Using your 6d roofing nails hammer a row of nails along each side of the slit.
As always cover the nail head and the entire blistered area with a generous layer of roof cement.
Hopefully, by the end of this article, you have some idea of how to tell what type of roof you have, where the leak is and how to repair it. Remember these tips are for quick and easily seen issues with your roof. If you try these tips and still the leak persists, please call a licensed contractor to take a look and get the roof repaired. In the end, we do not want the outside elements on your kitchen or living room floor. Good luck!
If you need professional help to handle any and all of your roofing needs, iRoof is always at your disposal. Feel free to contact us anytime for a free estimate and advice.